Friday, March 30, 2012

WAP Architecture - Wireless Telephony Application

The wireless telephony application (WTA) environment provides a means to create telephony services using WAP. WTA utilizes a user-agent, which is based on the WML user-agent, but extends its functionality that meets special requirements for telephony services. This functionality includes.

● WTAI : An interface toward a set of telephony-related functions in a mobile phone that can be invoked from WML and/or WMLScript. These functions include call management, handling of text messages, and phone book control. WTAI enables access to functions that are not suitable for allowing common access to them, e.g., setting up calls and manipulating the phone book without user acknowledgment.

● Repository: Since it is not feasible to retrieve content from a server every now and then, repository makes it possible to store WTA services in the device in order to enable access to them without accessing the network.

● Event handling: Typical events in a mobile network are incoming calls, call disconnect, and call answered. The event handling within WTA enables WTA services stored in the repository to be started in response to such events.

● WTA service indication: It is a content type that allows a user to be notifi ed about events of different kinds (e.g., new voice mails) and be given the possibility to start the appropriate service to handle the event. In the most basic form, the WTA service indication makes it possible to send a URL and a message to a wireless device.

The WTA framework relies on a dedicated WTA user-agent to carry out these functions. Only trusted content providers should be able to make content available to the WTA user-agent. Thus, it must be possible to distinguish between servers that are allowed to supply the user agent with services containing these functions and those who are not. To accomplish this, the WTA user-agent retrieves its services from the WTA domain, which, in contrast to the Internet, is controlled by the network operator. WTA services and other services are separated from each other using WTA access control based on port numbers.

Source of Information : Elsevier Wireless Networking Complete 2010
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